Mining Engineering : Career Prospects

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The two primary types of mine are underground mines and open-pit mines. Minerals that exist mostly underground (eg. coal, gold etc.) are generally recovered using the underground mining process. Minerals like iron ore, limestone, manganese ore, etc. are mostly recovered from the surface downwards in opencast mining. The need for mineral extraction and production is an essential activity of any technically proficient society. As minerals are produced from within a naturally occurring environment, disturbance of the environment as a result of mineral production is a given.
A mining engineer ensures the safe and economically sound development of mines and other surface and underground operations. The role combines an understanding of the effects of these structures on their surrounding environment, technical knowledge and management skills.
Before a new site is developed, mining engineers assess its viability and assist with planning its structure. They also manage and oversee mining production processes.

Nature Of Work :

Work activities vary according to the nature of the mine or site, but tasks typically involve:

  • Liaising with engineers, geologists and other staff;
  • Overseeing staff activities, either in one site section or throughout an entire mine;
  • Ensuring that operations are functioning smoothly;
  • Assuring the safety of mining equipment;
  • Monitoring activities underground;
  • Assessing mine equipment supplies;
  • Managing monthly budgets;
  • Keeping detailed records;
  • Learning new skills as required, such as drilling and blasting;
  • Overseeing the health and safety of the site, particularly in relation to issues such as ventilation;
  • Costing and scheduling supplies;
  • Assessing new mining sites;
  • Establishing extraction systems;
  • Planning for transition from surface to underground mining operations.
  • Mining Engineering is a field that involves many of the other engineering disciplines as applied to extracting and processing minerals from a naturally occurring environment.

Specialization :

It includes subjects like :

  • Ventilation
  • Design of engineering structures
  • Environmental aspects of mining
  • Rock Mechanics
  • Computer applications
  • Industrial management


Career Prospects :

Career prospects are with private and government companies and as a Consultant in the following areas:

  • Production Manager in
  • Underground coalmines
  • Surface mines
  • Underground metalliferous mine
  • Mine Manager
  • Mine Planning
  • Mine Ventilation engineer
  • Operations
  • Mining Investment Analyst
  • Petroleum EngineerMining companies initially at the mining centres employ mining engineers where minerals are extracted. Even civil engineering construction companies employ mining engineers to supervise tunneling. In India most of the jobs for mining are with government and public sector organizations such as :
  • The Indian Bureau of Mines
  • Geological Survey of India
  • Coal India Ltd
  • IPCL
  • Neyvelli Lignite CorporationOne can also enter into teaching and research in this field.
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